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Tohoku Mathematical Journal
SECOND SERIES VOL. 67, NO. 1
|Tohoku Math. J.|
67 (2015), 1-17
ALMOST COMPLEX SURFACES IN THE NEARLY KÄHLER $S^3\times S^3$
John Bolton, Franki Dillen, Bart Dioos and Luc Vrancken
(Received June 6, 2013)
In this paper we initiate the study of almost complex surfaces in the nearly Kähler $S^3\times S^3$. We show that on such a surface it is possible to define a global holomorphic differential, which is induced by an almost product structure on the nearly Kähler $S^3\times S^3$. We also find a local correspondence between almost complex surfaces in the nearly Kähler $S^3\times S^3$ and solutions of the general $H$-system equation introduced by Wente (), thus obtaining a geometric interpretation of solutions of the general $H$-system equation. From this we deduce a correspondence between constant mean curvature surfaces in $\mathbb R^3$ and almost complex surfaces in the nearly Kähler $S^3\times S^3$ with vanishing holomorphic differential. This correspondence allows us to obtain a classification of the totally geodesic almost complex surfaces. Moreover, we prove that almost complex topological 2-spheres in $S^3\times S^3$ are totally geodesic. Finally, we also show that every almost complex surface with parallel second fundamental form is totally geodesic.
Mathematics Subject Classification.
Primary 53C40; Secondary 53C42.
Key words and phrases.
Almost complex surface, constant mean curvature surface, $H$-surface equation, holomorphic differential, minimal surface, nearly Kähler manifold.
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